Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Economic Theory and Competition Policy Department of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
POSSIBILITIES OF INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL STABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT
Background. The institutional development of the problem of stability and development of society is an important condition for achieving real institutional support for social stability and development. The content of the categories "stability" and "development" goes beyond exclusively economic theory and becomes interdisciplinary. Interdisciplinary research tasks are inherent in institutional analysis. Deep search for the unity and differences of the stability and development institutions, new understanding of their role in civil society and rethinking the content of the socio-economic strategy of the state should be the primary tasks.
The analysis of recent studies and publications shows that there is a search for effective institutional tools for analyzing various social problems. The methodological and heuristic values of institutional theory (neo-institutionalism in modern terms) are evident. Institutional analysis should be widely used in the study of large-scale problems of social stability and development.
The aim of the article is to study the problem of ensuring social stability and development on the basis of institutional tools.
Materials and methods. The basis of the article became the fundamental positions of scientific works of foreign and domestic economists on the identified issues. In the process of research, general scientific and special methods of institutional analysis were applied.
Results.Stability is a multifaceted concept from the standpoint of institutional theory it involves preserving the socio-economic system, institutional order and leveling the threat of instability. Each society creates mechanisms that ensure a stable reproduction of its inherent relationships in all spheres of social life, and simultaneously contributes to the development of both the approval of new institutions and the change of institutional characteristics. The study of social stability and development involves consideration of the dynamics of not one indicator (such as GDP in the analysis of economic growth), but of the whole system of socio-economic parameters of society. In the institutional analysis of social stability and development in the XXI century the significance of the study of spiritual and humanitarian (cultural) content will increase. The strategy of social development becomes a sign of political and economic consensus, supported by the majority of members of society.
Conclusion. Institutional analysis has made it possible to carry out a multidisciplinary study of stability and development issues, providing a balanced vision of the economic, social and spiritual and humanitarian issues of society. The key factor affecting stability and development is the interests of society and the provision of institutional conditions for their active participation in socio-economic activities. The formation of a society of stability is the main path of a long-term state policy, strategically oriented to development.
Keywords: stability, development, institutional analysis, institutes, civil society, state.
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