PhD in History, Associate Professor at the Philosophy and Social Sciences Department of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
COMPETENCY-BASED APPROACH AS A BASIS OF EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
Background.In the context of reforming Ukrainian education, bringing it closer to European standards, the introduction of a competency-based approach to the system of domestic education, as well as clarification of its essence and peculiarities, becomes of particular importance.
The aim of the article is to reveal the essence of the competency-based approach in the modern educational system and to analyze the content of the concepts of competency and competence.
Materials and methods.To study the essence of the competency-based approach, a number of general scientific and special methods of scientific knowledge were used: analysis and synthesis, problem-chronological, system-structural and comparative.
Results. The introduction of a competency-based approach in the educational process is an important task of modern education. Competency-based approach involves the orientation of the educational process to the formation and development of key competences of the individual, necessary in professional and social life. The reasons for introducing a competency-based approach to education are the tendency of integration and globalization of the world economy, the need to harmonize the structure of higher education with the provisions of the Bologna process, the need to change the educational paradigm. The concepts of competency and competence, being close in content, contain essential differences. Competence should be considered as a set of qualities that a specialist should have for effective activity in a particular field, and competency as a personal quality, that has already been realized, that is, the possession of a certain competence.
Conclusion.Competency-based approach is a new conceptual basis on which training of specialists in any sphere should be carried out. The essence of the competence approach is the ability to teach a person to think critically, be able to adapt to changing world conditions, and to independently solve problems that may arise both in professional and in everyday life, based on the knowledge gained and their own experience.
Keywords:competency-based approach, competency, competence, key competences, education.
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