PhD, Lecturer at Kyiv college of trade and economics of Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
HESICHASTIC PRACTICE OF SPIRITUAL ASCENSION AS A NEW ANTHROPOLOGICAL STRATEGY
Background. Modern philosophers are searching for new ways of human understanding. This researches will give a methodological answer to a question about human destiny and will help reconsider his place in the world. Such investigations are not possible without a reference to experience which the history of philosophy offers to us, where enlightenments of ancient time give new stimulus to the philosophical opinion of contemporaneity. In the Hesichastic practice, a human is no longer examined as the substance closed on itself. An individual is open to God and is connected to with Him. The prospect of the individual growth is to have a synergetic union of a man and Divine energies, it implies the human leaving the limits of this world and comimg into the ontologic plane. This article is dedicated to the anthropological prospects of philosophic understanding of the Hesichastic practice.
The aim of the article is to study the experience of spiritual ascent in the Hesichasm and its anthropological potential.
Materials and methods. During the process of scientific research following methods were used: inductionand deduction, analysis and synthesis, comparison and hermeneutical.
Results. In the Hesichastic practice, an individual goes up spiritual "stairs" to achieve communication with God. Ascetic changes himself and his prayer to reach a new "level." Following that, an individual is seen as not finished, someone who furthermore needs own actualization and because of that is opened to transformations. In the modern philosophical discussion, this testifies to advantages of these studies, that consist in the ontological transformation of man.
Conclusion. The purpose of the Hesichastic spiritual practice is climbing the stairs of spiritual practice to the unifying dialogue with God, deification. This ascent consists of several stages and ends with achievement silent (pure) prayer, which is a prerequisite for the last step – deification or permanent stay together, the unifying dialogue with God. So that philosophical understanding of the Hesichastic practice gives us a possibility to understand that findings of this studies yet are not in sufficient measures appreciated by philosophers and gave to us a deeper understanding of human being than some modern philosophical researches.
Keywords: anthropological strategy, synergy, anthropology, asceticism, Hesichasm.
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