Doctor of Sciences (Philosophy), Professor at the Culturology Department of National pedagogical dragomanov university
CONFESSIONAL JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS:
PHILOSOPHY OF LAW OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
Backround. Philosophy of law is the highest form of spiritual knowledge of the law, understanding, values and meaning in human life. The investigation of сanon law enables us to see the essence of their legal culture.
The aim of the article is to study the characteristics of the judicial proceedings in the Catholic Church and the main sources that constitute its philosophy of law.
Materials and methods. The main methods of this article are historical, comparative, dialectic, hermeneutical research methods.
Results. Сanon law of the Catholic Church is the system of laws and legal principles to regulate its external organization and government and to order and direct the activities of Catholics. The Catholic Church has a complete legal system, which is the oldest still in use today. The Code of Canon Law is the fundamental document of ecclesiastical laws for the Catholic Church. The Roman Rota is the highest appellate tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church, the highest ecclesiastical court constituted by the Holy See. The Rota has had exclusive competence to dispense from marriages. The peculiarity of the philosophy of law of the Catholic Church are an important concepts of sin and the "spiritual things".
Conclusion. The Catholic philosophy of law is inseparable from ethics. Ethics of the Catholic Church is based on universal moral law. The ethical values is an important part of the philosophy of law of the Catholic Church. Understanding of the sacredness of appropriate church and legal relations is an important component in the Catholic philosophy of law. The ethical values of love, justice, desire the service of truth, understood and approved by doctrinal magisterium of the Catholic Church, are an important part of the philosophy of law. Ecclesiastical tribunals are governed by social and ethical teachings in carrying out its main tasks.
Keywords: confessional procedure, philosophy of law, Catholic Church, Canon law, Catholic ethics, sin.