PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of Philosophical and Social Sciences Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics
Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University
PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of World History
HIGHER TRADE AND ECONOMIC EDUCATION IN UKRAINE IN 1941–1945
Background. The confrontation of two political regimes in the late 1930-s -early 1940-s put on the agenda cooperation in terms of confrontation and mutual inhibition. Under such conditions society contenders had to operate and provide troops at the front with all necessary. It was at that time became obvious exceptional role of trade and higher trade and economic education, which was able to provide experts to this strategic industry. Education sector pursuant to react to the crisis by changing educational approaches in training, including in trade and catering.
The aim is to study the situation of trade and economic higher education in Ukraine during the war of 1941–1945. The isolation inherent in the period of internal processes.
Materials and methods. A significant part of the study of sources are archival materials. The study used methods: analysis of historical documents and historical comparative, retrospective, chronologically.
Results. Trading Higher Education of Ukraine for 1941–1945. Evolved in conditions of combat evacuation, occupation, occupation of Ukrainian lands later the Red Army. The fighting resulted in the destruction of both the Red Army and the Wehrmacht material base of the educational sector, including trade and education. Great devastation suffered material base of the Kharkov Institute of Soviet Trade, which unlike the Lviv Institute of Soviet Trade was in a better position. The expulsion of German troops from Ukraine put on the agenda of restoration of peaceful life, for which experts were needed trade and catering. Training of highly qualified for these areas closely engaged in Kharkiv and Lviv Institute of Soviet Trade, which in the 1944–1945 academic year managed to restore physical infrastructure of universities equip faculty, to make admission to the profession, to organize the educational process, providing students and teachers everything you need in terms of widespread shortages. Financial institutions renewed base both through government and through hard work of teachers and students themselves.
Conclusion. The process taking place in higher trade and economic education in Ukraine 1941–1945. Studied the results of the reorganization of higher trade and economic institutions of Ukraine, the difficulties of the initial stage of the war, evacuation conditions of the German occupation regime. Make contributions to the disclosure of the issue of reconstruction of higher trade and economic education in Ukraine 1943–1945 biennium. A significant achievement of the authors of the article was that most of the documents processed in the archives, first introduced into scientific circulation.
Keywords: higher education, economic education, Ukraine, War of 1941–1945.
FREE FULL TEXT (PDF)